Article 1 This law is formulated in the purpose of preventing fire and reducing
fire damage， safeguarding citizen's personal security， public property and civil
assets， upholding public security and ensuring the smooth construction of the
Article 2 Fire control work shall follow the policy of devoting major efforts
into prevention and combining fire prevention with fire fighting， and shall
adhere to the principle of combining the efforts of both specialized
organizations and the masses and carry out responsibility system on fire
prevention and safety.
Article 3 The State Council shall led and the people's governments at all levels
be responsible for fire control work.
The people's government at all levels shall bring fire control work in line with
the national economy and social development plan， and ensure that fire control
work fit in with the economic construction and social development.
Article 4 The public security department of the State Council shall monitor and
administer the nationwide fire control work；
the public security organs of local people's governments above county level
shall monitor and administer the fire control work within their administrative
region and the fire control institutions of public security organs of the
people's government at the same level shall be responsible for the
Fire control work for military facilities， underground parts of mines and
nuclear power plant shall be monitored and administered by their competent
For fire control work on forest and grassland， in cases there are separate
regulations， the separate regulations shall be followed.
Article 5 Any unit and individual shall have the obligation of keeping fire
control safety， protecting fire control facilities， preventing fire disaster and
reporting fire alarm.
Any unit and adult shall have the obligation to take part in organized fire
Article 6 The people's government at all levels shall carry out regular fire
control propaganda and education and strengthen citizens' awareness on fire
Administrative department on education and labor shall put fire control
knowledge into teaching and training.
Competent departments in journalism， publishing， broadcasting， movie and
television sector shall have the obligation to conduct propaganda and education
on fire control safety.
Article 7 Units and individuals who make prominent contribution or achievements
in fire control work shall be awarded.
Article 8 Urban people's governments shall bring the fire control plan into the
overall urban planning， including fire control safety layout， fire control
station， fire control communication， fire truck passageway and fire control
equipment， etc， and take the charge of organizing relevant departments for its
In case public fire control facilities and equipage are insufficient or do not
fit in with actual demand， efforts should be made on expansion， rebuilding，
allocation and purchase or technical reform.
Science research and promotion on fire control work should be reiterated and
advanced fire control technology and equipage should be adopted.
Article 9 Existing factories and warehouses and specialized depots and wharves
for production， storage， loading and unloading of inflammable and explosive
dangerous goods， shall be established at urban border area or independent safety
Filling and loading stations， supply stations and pressure regulating stations
for inflammable and explosive gas and liquid shall be set up in an appropriate
location and shall conform to the requirements on prevention of fire and
For existing factories and warehouses and specialized depots and wharves for
production， storage， loading and unloading of inflammable and explosive
dangerous goods， and filling and loading stations， supply stations and pressure
regulating stations for inflammable and explosive gas and liquid， in case they
do not conform to the regulations of this article， relevant units shall adopt
measures to give a solution within a time limit.
Article 10 For construction project conducting fire control design in accordance
with requirements of the State Technical Standards on Fire Control for
Engineering Construction， the design unit shall conduct the design in accordance
with requirements of the State Technical Standards on Fire Control for
Engineering Construction； the construction unit shall submit the drawings of
fire control design for the construction project and relevant materials to
relevant public security fire control institution for review and approval；
for project not going through review and approval formalities or considered
unqualified after the review and examination， the competent construction
administrative department shall not issue the license for construction and the
construction unit shall not carry out the construction.
For fire control design for construction project approved by relevant public
security fire control institution， in case the design needs changes， it shall be
submitted to the previous public security fire control institution granting the
approval for examination and approval； without approval， no unit or individual
shall be allowed to make the changes.
Upon the completion of a construction project containing a fire control design
conducted in accordance with requirements of the State Technical Standards on
Fire Control for Engineering Construction， the project must go through
acceptance checked on fire control by relevant public security fire control
institutions； project without going through the acceptance check or considered
unqualified after the acceptance check shall not be put into use.
Article 11 The fire proof performance of constructional elements and
construction materials must conform to the state standards or industrial
The indoor fittings and decoration of public places using inflammable and flame
retardant materials in accordance with requirements of the State Technical
Standards on Fire Control for Engineering Construction， shall choose materials
passing qualification check by inspection institution designated in accordance
with regulations of the Product Quality Law.
Article 12 Song and dance hall， cinema， hotel， restaurant， commercial center and
market fair where the public gather， before putting into use or starting
business， shall be reported to local public security fire control institutions
and can only be put into use or start business after passing the acceptance
check on fire control safety.
Article 13 For mass activities with fire danger， such as large gatherings，
fireworks evening party and lantern party， the host unit shall formulate
preproposal on fire fighting and emergency evacuation and put into effect
relevant fire control security measures， and report to public security fire
control institutions which will conduct fire control security check. The
activities can only be held when qualification check is granted.
Article 14 State organs， organizations， enterprises and institutions shall
perform the following duties on fire control security：
（I） Formulate fire control safety system and operation rules on fire control
（II） Exercise fire prevention safety responsibility system， appoint
person-in-charge for fire control safety of the unit and various departments and
posts under the unit；
（III） Conduct fire control propaganda and education on employees in light of the
characteristics of the unit，
（IV） Organize fire prevention inspection and remove hidden danger in time；
（V） Allocate and purchase fire control facilities and devices， set up fire
control safety marks in accordance with relevant state regulations， and organize
regular inspection and maintenance to ensure a perfect and effective condition
of fire control facilities and device；
（VI） Ensure that evacuation passageway and safety exit are unblocked and set up
evacuation marks on fire control safety conforming to the state regulations.
The administrative unit of residential areas shall perform duties and
responsibilities on fire control safety in accordance with regulations of this
article and do a good job on fire control safety in the residential areas.
Article 15 Rooms within the same building of workshop or warehouse shall not be
used as dormitory.
In case rooms in a building with workshop or warehouse have already been used as
dormitory， the problem shall be solved within a time limit.
Those who indeed have difficulties for the time being， shall take necessary fire
control safety measures and can only continue to use the dormitory after
acquiring approval from public security fire control institutions.
Article 16 For units with higher risk of fire disaster and units that may cause
major casualties and deaths or heavy loss of assets in case of fire disaster，
the public security fire control institutions of local people's governments
above county level shall select these units as key units on fire control safety
of their administrative region and file with the people's government of the same
level for reference.
Key units on fire control safety shall， in addition to performing the duties and
responsibilities as stipulated in Article 14 of this law， perform the following
duties and responsibilities on fire control safety：
（I） Set up file system on fire prevention， locate critical parts for fire
control safety， set up fire prevention marks and exercise strict administration；
（II） Exercise daily fire prevention patrol and set up patrol record；
（III） Conduct fire control safety training on employees；
（IV） Formulate pre-proposal on fire fighting and emergency evacuation and
organize regular fire drill.
Article 17 Any unit and individual engaged in production， storage，
transportation， sales or use and destroy of inflammable and explosive dangerous
goods， must execute relevant state regulations on fire control safety.
Units producing inflammable and explosive dangerous goods shall attach
instruction book with datas such as the ignition point， flash point and
explosion limit of the product， and give points of attention for fire and
Inflammable and explosive dangerous goods with independent packing shall be
attached with a tag of dangerous goods.
Those who enter places where inflammable and explosive dangerous goods are
produced and stored， must execute the state regulations on fire control safety.
It is prohibited to carry kindling into places where inflammable and explosive
dangerous goods are produced and stored.
It is prohibited to illegally carry inflammable and explosive dangerous goods
into public places or on public transportation means.
The management of warehouses storing inflammable goods must be in execution of
relevant state regulations on fire control safety.
Article 18 It is prohibited to use naked light in places with fire and explosion
danger； in case naked light operation is required for special reasons，
examination and approval formalities shall be handled in accordance with
Operators shall follow the regulations on fire control safety and adopt
corresponding measures on fire control safety.
Operators conducting operation with fire danger like electrical welding and gas
welding or operators for automatic fire control system， must hold relevant
certificates and strictly observe operation rules on fire control safety.
Article 19 The quality of fire control products must conform to the state
standards or industrial standards.
It is prohibited to produce， sell or use fire control products without passing
qualification check by the inspection organ designated in accordance with
regulations of the Product Quality Law.
It is prohibited to use complementary fire control parts，extinguishant，maintenance
and fire control facilities and devices not conforming to the state standards or
Public security fire control institutions and their staff shall not specify
sales units and brands of fire control products in the capacity of their
Article 20 The quality of electrical products and gas utensils must conform to
the state standards or industrial standard.
The installation， use and design and laying of circuit and pipes must conform to
relevant technical regulations on fire control.
Fire Control Law of the People's Republic of China 中英雙語